Learn more about the types of saffron

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Learn more about the types of saffron

Learn more about the types of saffron

The saffron is a member of medical plants that has a historical date and it uses in many countries since thousands years ago. This plant is a member of Iridaceae family and the important part which usually uses as saffron is called Crocus sativus. The methods of harvesting saffron has important role on saffron quality and value according to the accuracy and principle of use in the drying and storage process. The largest saffron producers are Iran, Spain, Kashmir, and Greece in the world. Iranian saffron is well known as the best one all around the world and normally cultivates in some provinces such as khorasan Razavi, Sistan and Baluchistan, Isfahan, and Kermanshah.

Here are some elements that affect the quality of saffron is indicated below.

Climate: the province climate is extremely important. The saffron needs dry and cold weather.

Soil: the soil of saffron cultivation must be rich in nutrient components and fertile soil.

Harvesting: harvesting saffron must be on time and the saffron must remove from the ground manually.

Drying: the saffron flowers have to dry on time to retain their taste and smelling after harvesting.

Retaining: the saffron must retain in dry and cold weather to keep their properties.

To recognize the best saffron needs experience but some objects are used to measure them such as color, flavor, smelling, and saffron style that are mentioned above.

It is better to provide the saffron from reputable markets and brands or preferably valid farms located in saffron production areas. You will recognize the best saffron and will know them completely to select the best one by purchasing different saffron from different sources.

To recognize the best with the highest quality of saffron needs experience and knowing the saffron characteristics, we are mentioned to some key factors of recognizing the best saffron in below.

  •  Color: the best saffron has dark and uniform red color. The saffron natural color mustn’t change or exaggerate to other colors.
  • Smelling: the best and fresh saffron has pleasant and particular smelling which we recognize them as well.
  • Flavor: the original saffron is identified by bitter and slightly sweet flavor. The lowest saffron quality is tasteless or has abnormal flavor.
  • Style of saffron: the high qualified saffron is identified by not being too much heavy or light. The purer and cleaner one is probably the lighter one.
  • Needing less quantity: the high qualified saffron due to its color, smell and flavor needs less quantity in cuisine. Therefore, if you need much saffron to get the best color or flavor, it probably is the lowest one.
  • Type of saffron: some types of saffron that are produced from Crocus cartwrightianus are sold as fake saffron. Thus, being sure that purchased saffron is a type of Crocus sativus.
  • Purchasing from valid sources: it is better to purchase saffron from valid and reputable sources.

As a practical guide, you can use valid markets and brands. Also, if you like purchasing it, you can ask your friends or relatives who have experiences in this case to guide you select the best ones.

read more: Saffron health benefits and nutrients

  •  Saffron flags: they should be unified. They shouldn’t be fragmented or torn.

Types of saffron

The saffron is one of the famous medical plants that extracts from Crocus sativus. This is a native Mediterranean plant but it is cultivated in many countries. It uses in food industries, traditional medicine, and cosmetics as a natural coloring due to its natural properties, pleasant smell, and flavor.

  • Spanish saffron: pain is one of the biggest saffron producers. Spanish saffron has high quality and higher price.
  • Iranian saffron: Iran is the largest saffron producer in the world. Iranian saffron identifies as the highest quality, rich in smell and flavor, and dark red color and it is also the best saffron in the world.
  • Kashmiri saffron: Kashmir is the Indian region that produces saffron. This saffron is a member of high qualified saffron and it is appreciated in global markets.
  • Greek saffron:  Greek is another saffron producer that its saffron has high quality and use in some local cuisine.

It is essential to know that saffron quality depends on soil and climate of that region, the methods of harvesting and processing saffron, and storing conditions.  As mentioned above, it is better to buy saffron from reputable sources to have the best quality. Moreover, packing and expiration date are extremely important.

What features distinguish saffron from other spices?

Some saffron features make it unique from the others. Moreover, each food has specific spice but reaching the unique food with much pleasant taste required special spice so, you can add saffron in many foods to obtain this uniqueness.

What are saffron medicinal properties?

As you know, it has medicinal properties such as depression treatment, boosting heart health, decreasing the risk of cancer, improving sightedness, etc.

Why Iranian people use saffron a lot?

Iranian people use saffron since past. Saffron is not only a unique spice but also is Iranian identity and culture. Saffron is used in Iran about five thousand years old. Based on some historical sources, saffron was used as food and body perfume by ancient Iranian. Saffron color was used to write rules and regulations, paint the paintings and clothes, and as mentioned above it was used as medicine.

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